Why the Heroin Trade Helped Defeat the US in Afghanistan

America’s Opium War in Afghanistan. By Alfred W. McCoy In October 2001, the U.S. launched its invasion of Afghanistan largely through proxy Afghan fighters with the help of Special Operations … Read More

Interview with Afghan President Ghani: ‘I Have To Hold Our Country Together’

Interview Conducted by Susanne Koelbl in Kabul, Afghanistan Afghan President Ashraf Ghani stands in front of the Presidential Palace in Kabul: “If al-Qaida was version 2.0 of terror, then the … Read More

Russia-Turkey Tension: Syria Remains the Nuclear Flashpoint

By Sajjad Shaukat War-like situation has been created between Russia and Turkey after the latter shot down a Russian fighter jet, Su-24 combat aircraft, near the Syrian border on Tuesday. … Read More

The Myth of the Caliphate – The Political History of an Idea

  By Nick Danforth In 1924, Turkish leader Kemal Ataturk officially abolished the Ottoman caliphate. Today, most Western discussions of the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS), the extremist … Read More